What you should know about a domain or domain name?

Domain Names:  Beginner’s Guide

What you should know about a domain or domain name?

If you are a beginner and want to know about the domain names and how domains work, you are at right place.

In this article we will explain various parameters of a domain name.

Initially you may feel some terms too much technical but please don’t be panic.

As you move on and go learning more and more, things shall get easier and clear for you.

We are using an easy and less technical language in this article. Our intention is to make you understand the things properly with clear concept but you must be interested to learn something new today.

After having read this article, you should be capable to choose a right domain name for your personal or business website.

That is the ultimate objective of writing this article. 

Our team has prepared a complete guide for beginners so that things become crystal clear to you. This will make your onward journey in the internet world easier with good financial gains as well.

We are using 10 years of hard work and experience in explaining things to you.  All the tested resources are available at one place (for free) for you saving your money and precious time.

Please read this article with a cool mind and enthusiasm.

Wishing you the best.

What is a domain name and how does it work?

A domain name is defined as a web address that identifies a website on internet. For example, www.google.com .

In more simple way, we can say a domain is an address of a particular website. It is something that we type in the web browser to reach a particular website.

At one time, one domain links to one website only. Each website is having its own domain. The domain and the website are two different things that connect online. Any domain name connects to any website. No issues.

When you purchase a domain, you are taking your website name and still you have to get your site designed and connect the two. This way the information is put online and made globally available to the people in the digital format. 

Internet is a network of networks. It means giant network of computers globally connect to each other through huge cable network. On this network, all computers are communicating with each other.

Each computer has been assigned a unique number called IP address just like a telephone is given a specific telephone number.

Domain names identify one or multiple IP addresses. A typical IP address is a string of numbers like But human beings cannot understand this numeric language or code and also it is difficult to remember.

To overcome this difficulty, domain names came into existence, which function as a link with the IP address. To make things more clear, the IP address is a numeric language code and domain name is the nickname for that code.

Domain name is one of the pieces of information in Uniform Resource Locator (URL) to identify particular web pages. For example in the URL http://google.com, the google.com is the domain name.

To conclude, the domain name is the part of the URL which points to the IP address.

When you type a domain name in your browser, it automatically connects to an IP address that in turn takes you to the website. The whole process is technical one and can be step wise depicted as under:

What you should know about a domain or domain name?

When a user types a domain name in the browser, It sends a request to Domain Name System (DNS) which in turn sends the request to the name servers associated with the domain name.

These name servers are the computers belonging to hosting companies where they host websites of their clients.

After this, the hosting company sends your request to the exact computer where your website is stored. This computer, also called web server, fetches the information linked with the domain name and hence loads the website in the browser.

This is the technical journey right from typing a domain in the browser and loading of a website but it takes only milliseconds for execution.

Lesser the time taken in the journey, faster is the website loading speed and more chances for visitor to stay at the website.

A domain name may consist of one or more words. It is your personal identity in the internet world.

Your own domain name, website and email addresses give your business a professional look and an internet established presence. This makes you a professional businessman in the internet world.

There are thousands of free websites hosting a number of web pages for free with a free domain name. But a word of caution that a large percentage of the web users do not take a website seriously if it is using a free web space and free domain.

The online buyers may think if the site owner does not afford a paid hosting, it is not worth to buy from them.

Free hosting destroys your image and status of being an online merchant in the eyes of buyers even if you have products worth gold to sell. This is a fact and you have to get paid hosting (ads free) if you have to succeed in internet business to make money.

What you should know about a domain or domain name?

How to choose a good domain name?

According to an estimate, total number of domains registered till March- 2019 is 351.8 millions and huge list of new registrations is added to it every passing day. All good domains have either been registered or will be registered soon.

While choosing your domain name for your online business, you need to keep a few points in mind.

Your domain should be brandable, short, simple, easy to speak, not difficult to spell and easy to remember. It should have at least one keyword pertaining to your business in it and that should be your primary keyword. You may also insert your company name in it before the keyword if you prefer.

Try to keep the domain short and use a maximum of 1 to 3 words having your company name inserted in it. For example your company is: ABC marketing & the keyword is internet marketing, the domain name is ABCinternetmarketing.com and the whole URL in such a case would be as http://www.ABCinternetmarketing.com. Genuinely this is a good domain name to choose.

I prefer not to put dash or hyphen between the words though Google does not mind it. You may also use .net , .biz or .org domain extensions.

What you should know about a domain or domain name?

You may use Domain Name Generators to get some good ideas regarding domain names before registering the one.

If you are a newbie and do not own a company, you may use a short domain name comprising 1 to 3 good keywords. For such keywords, you should make a comprehensive research. These keywords should relate to your website /business.

You may also use a domain name other than specific researched keyword but domain should relate to your website. It should immediately point out what the site is all about.

Using the keywords in your URL (site address), makes the Google to give you higher rankings in search results for your keywords. This way you get good amount of laser targeted organic traffic to your website.

The organic traffic refers to the persons who are actually looking for the product you are selling or services you are offering and hence more conversion, more online sales and more profits.

What you should know about a domain or domain name?

How to register your domain name?

Domains are registered with an organization called ICANN through Domain Registrars. You need to pay around $10 for .com domain registration and an equal fee for its annual renewal.

There are some Registrars and online service providers who provide you free domain registration for the first year. They usually provide this offer when you buy hosting from them.

It is advisable to buy the Domains directly from the Registrars and not from Resellers.

Domain name industry is highly competitive and there are a large number of companies with huge price fluctuations. But never compromise with less price like INR 150/= (About $2) per year for domain registration. If price is less, there will be demerits then.

When you register your domain, the Registrar should register you as owner with your administrative and technical contact. You should be having full control on it to let you choose the hosting company you desire. The domain registration company should never cheat you.

For domain registration, you have to search for your desired domain name. If available, you have to fill in the required details like you name, mobile number, email etc. to book it. While paying with credit card or Paypal, you will register your domain instantly. You will also get full access to it for its onward management.

How to register a domain name?

Some good Domain Registrars in my view as experimented with include: www.godaddy.com , www.namecheap.com . Godaddy is perhaps the biggest one and most popular Domain Name Registrar today.

For some reasons, If you are not happy with your Domain Registrar, you can simply transfer it to new Registrar. This will cost you a small fee called Domain Transfer Fee.

After buying your domain name, if your site is not ready and you have to wait for sometime, you can park your domain. You will get a free parking page from the Registrar at no extra cost. So you may take your time to design a stunning website.

I suggest you to book your domain as early as possible. The people are continuously registering good domain names on daily basis. Tomorrow you will be left with less domain name options.

It is a fact that all good domain names have already gone. Most of such domains have been registered and simply parked with no further development.

Some domains may become available again for registration. This happens when for some reason, people do not renew their domains in time. Domain Registrars terminate these domains after sometime if such domains are not premium ones.

Please don’t get confused with the word “Premium”. The Premium Domains are the domains which are old, expensive and brandable having good keywords. These domains have good number of backlinks. In addition, these domains drive fairly good amount of traffic to the websites.

For a detailed comprehension, I have written a separate article on expired domains.

What you should know about a domain or domain name?

How to renew your domain?

If you have registered a domain name for a particular period say one year, make sure you renew it in time before expiry.

Sometimes what happens, site owner does not renew his/her domain name in time hence loses it to his competitor. Consequently he loses his whole traffic and market.

Therefore, you need to take proper care and have to remain vigilant. Many Registrars provide you with an Auto Renew feature on their hosting platforms.

So placing a credit card on the file and setting this feature “on” shall set you free of domain renewal tension. The things shall work of their own.

 I presume that you are smart enough to understand that the card issuing bank should make payment on your behalf to automate your business. So pay your credit card bills regularly and avail this online payment mode when you badly need it.

domain renewal

Sometimes what happens that a technical issue arises while making payment using the credit card and payment is not made in time.

You can well realize the situation that could arise at the time of domain renewal. Everything goes out of your hand. Domain goes and your business goes in seconds. You are left with empty hands.

To avoid this situation you can set “Auto Renew” feature “on” at least before one month of domain renewal date. This will ensure your domain renewal in time without any risk. 

What you should know about a domain or domain name?

How does a domain differ from website and website hosting?

A website consists of web pages which link to each other containing information in the form of text, images, audio, video etc. It is an online shop that remains open round the clock whether you are there or not.

If we say the domain is the address of a website, then it is equally true that web hosting is the home where your website resides. A web hosting company simply provides you this residence. It provides you the computers called servers which store your website. In turn, you pay a certain hosting fee towards the company.

To learn more about computer servers storing websites, we have written a separate article on what is web hosting?

There are certain points to consider while you choose your web host. Here is one more article regarding how to choose a good website hosting company for your business?

So to create a website, you need a domain name and a web hosting service. These are two different services but can also be availed from the same company to make things easier for you.

If services are to be taken from two different companies, you need to edit your Domain Name Settings and enter the Name Server Information (which hosting company furnishes) to make your website live.

What you should know about a domain or domain name?

What are different types of domain names? 

The people register domain names with different extensions like .com, .net, .info, .co, .co.in, .org etc. However, .com extension is widely in use and is most popular of all.

What you should know about a domain or domain name?

We always suggest you to register a domain name with .com extension. A .com domain extension performs well in the industry.

Different types of domains are as under:

Top Level Domain – TLD

These are generic domain extensions and placed at highest position in Domain Name System.

Country Code Top Level Domain – ccTLD

These are country specific domain names and used to get audience or visitors from a specific country. For example .in, .us, .uk, .au, etc.

Sponsored Top Level Domain – sTL

These domains have a sponsor representing a particular community. For example .edu, .gov etc.

What is ICANN ?

ICANN stands for “Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers.”


It is a non-profit organization that controls Domain Name System. Its Headquarters are in Southern California and It came into existence in the United States in 1998.

It allows Domain Registrars to sell domain names and make changes to the domain names registry on user’s behalf.

ICANN drafts policies for domain names but does not exercise any control on content published on internet via websites and online journals or blogs.

It makes internet run smoothly across the globe and put efforts in keeping this giant source of information open to all.

When you register a domain name through the Domain Registrar, ICANN takes a small fee as a part of Domain Registration Process.

What you should know about a domain or domain name?

Frequently Asked (FAQ) about Domain Names


We are helping people who are beginners to the domains and websites. We have given a complete thought to the possible queries that can arise in the minds of newbies.

So we have answered beforehand all the possible questions that you may ask.

Q1- What is a subdomain?

A sub domain is a folder on the main domain. e.g., www.domains.digitalbhat.com is a subdomain of the main domain www.digitalbhat.com .Here the folder is domains.

In other words, we can say that a subdomain is the part of a domain and comes before the main domain name (primary domain name). There is a saying that search engines recognize subdomains as independent websites.

Q2- Can I create subdomains myself?

Yes, you can. Once you register your domain name and buy hosting, you can create subdomains yourself in the hosting account. It is easy, just needs practice.

Q3- Can I buy the multiple domains at the same time?

Yes, of course you can. There is no restriction.

Q4- Can I cancel my domain name after registration?

Usually not. Your domain name is registered at least for one year and if you intend to cancel it earlier, your domain will not be cancelled and you get no refund in most of the cases.

Yes, If you do not renew it after one year, your service provider cancels it and makes it available again for registration. So choose your domain name wisely. Take your time and save your money.

Q5- What is a second level domain?

It refers to the part of the domain on left side of final dot. e.g., In the domain www.digitalbhat.com, digitalbhat is the second level domain and .com is the top level domain.

Q6-What TLD’s should be avoided and why?

Some TLD’s are deemed to be spammy and spread virus. e.g., .xyz extension.

Q7- What is Registrant?

Registrant is a person or buyer who registers or buys a domain name on internet through Registrar or Reseller.

Q8- What is WHOIS?

WHOIS is a question and answer protocol that furnishes information regarding the domain holder, date of domain registration, date of domain expiry, availability of domain etc.

Below you can see screenshot of Whois lookup information of our blog site.

whois information

It also gives you the information whether ever the Google has banned the domain or not. It will also give you the information regarding a Domain protected with a Trademark.

Q9- After buying domain name, am I the domain owner?

Simply not. You are the domain holder because you simply hold it for the period you pay its fee and never get it permanently. However, there are lot of webmasters who use “domain owner” in place of “domain holder.”

Q10- Can I invest in domain names?

It is judicious to invest in domain names. If you get a good domain name, you can keep it and sell it at the right time for a good amount. Usually, domains which are short, geographic names, brandable, old and driving huge traffic to the websites fetch a good price in the market.

Before investing in the business, you should be having fairly good amount of knowledge about the domain industry. Therefore, you have to work hard and have to be smart enough to reap benefits.

Never jump into the market with inexperienced hands. You may lose money and repent later on. First gather information how things work in domain industry.

There are many market places available on internet where you can sell or buy domain names like Sedo and Godaddy etc.

Q11- Can I build a website after registering my domain name?

In today’s internet world, building a website is not difficult. There is huge number of companies or freelancers who design and develop websites. The price varies according to your requirement and features.

To make your internet business a success, you have to pay special attention to your website. It must be appealing, magnet like and converting otherwise it will not work.  

There is drag-and-drop web technology which you can use yourself to make a website. You need not know the difficult coding or programming. It works just like Microsoft Word. Easy and smart. Above all, you can build exactly whatever you have visualized about your dream project but you need a designing sense and creativity for your project.

Q12- What is Domain Privacy?

When you register a domain name, the Registrar or Reseller asks for your personal information like your name, email ID, phone number, physical address etc. This information is displayed in WHOIS data for a particular domain.

Domain privacy

This information remains open to all and anybody can check it.

However, If you don’t want others to see this information, you can simply buy a separate add-on service called domain privacy from the Registrars.

This service conceals your personal information and makes it private. Instead, it displays the false information publicly.

What you should know about a domain or domain name?



To recapitulate –

Domain name is just like the address of a website.

A website loads in the browser as a result of a technical journey which is executed only in milliseconds.

Choose your domain name but after a proper research.

Registrars register your desired domain name against a certain fee.

You have to renew your domain  in time to keep your website going on.

A domain is different from website and web hosting but all the three work in collaboration.

There are various types of domains and ICANN manages the Domain Name System in the Internet World.

You can manage your domain name from within the Domain Control Panel. It is not a tough job at all but needs practice. In fact once you do it practically, you will get some knowhow and master it gradually.

Don’t forget to leave a comment regarding this article. If you have any doubt, please feel free to post your query. We shall gladly reply and make things clear to you.

What you should know about a domain or domain name?

How to discover good expired domains- a step by step guide?

What is an expired domain?

How to discover good expired domains- a step by step guide?

Expired domains are the domains registered by the individuals or organizations which used to point to an IP address and hence a website in past but not now. Anybody can re-register these domains.

One can reuse these domains to point to a new IP address and hence a new website.

When not renewed on due date, the domain names expire. Immediately all the services linked with the domain disable.

There are various reasons for it. Firstly, the negligence exercised by the webmaster who forgets to renew the domain in time. Secondly, the domain owner may lose interest in the business leaving his site in running condition. But  since the owner might have built traffic, the site runs of its own.

Thirdly,Trademark infringement may sometime result in the domain termination.

You can take advantage of expired domains while starting a new web business. If the expired domain is having pre-built traffic, you can rebuild the site or redirect this traffic to your existing site (using 301 redirects). This way you may enjoy the fruit of others hard work.

Also, You can use the expired domains for building a Private Blog Network (PBN).

In addition, you can sell the domain at higher price without doing anything else. This is called as Domain Flipping.

The only thing you have to do is to separate good domains from bad ones. It will take you sometime but the time invested shall certainly be beneficial at a later stage.

How to discover good expired domains- a step by step guide?
How to discover good expired domains- a step by step guide?

Finding a good expired domain somewhere on internet and getting it at a less price is a fortune. It is equivalent to saying to pick up gold from the road side abandoned by previous owner who do value it anymore.

Those who understand Search Engine Optimization and importance of relevant backlinks understand the value such domains.

The backlinks from the Authority Sites (having similar content) are always relevant and increase search engine rankings of your domain.

This results in giving your site a higher amount of organic traffic having a higher conversion rate. This SEO traffic consists of real humans and not the robots.

There are a lot of websites and services selling expired domains. You can buy an expired domain in an auction or otherwise on net.

But word of caution that the domain should not have been banned by Google or black listed on internet.

The expired domains are very popular and could be beneficial if chosen carefully taking all advisable precautions.

What are the precautions to be taken while buying expired domains?

Before you consider an expired domain fit for your business, you must check out the following factors to reap full benefits from it.

1) Check the Domain Authority (DA) and the Page Authority (PA) using relevant tool like Open Site Explorer which affect rankings on search engine results. DA and PA were introduced by Moz. Your domain should score at least 25 points and more in the scoring metric.

2) Check the status of your domain in Google using Google Banned Checker. There are various factors that count for banning a domain by Google. This includes the keyword stuffing, duplicate contents, using robots and linking to adult or banned sites.

Check properly to ensure the domain has not been banned by Google.

You have also to see if the domain is safe for running Google Adsense Programme using Adsense Sandbox Checker.

Put your URL and click on preview ads. If google displays ads, you are safe otherwise not.

3) Go to archive.org and see the full domain history to ensure the domain is having a clean background. You would get the information regrading what the site was all about in past. You can see a live website of that time. Wayback Machine is an excellent tool to dig the past of an expired domain.

4) Check if domain is having the social media presence where customers engage to get information about a particular product or service.

A domain must send a social signal while checking its backlinks because having social media presence is good for domain ranking.

How to discover good expired domains- a step by step guide?

5) If the previous domain owner of the expired domain has resorted to spamming, avoid such domain and move ahead in your search. You domain should be having a Trust Flow (TF) of 15 or more to consider it safe for buying.

6) You must also track the Trust Flow and Citation Flow. Trust Flow (TF) depends upon the quality of backlinks and Citation Flow (CF) relies on quality of links so called the link juice.

The domain with a TF Score of 15 and TF-CF Ratio of 1 are safe to consider and beneficial. The value of TF and CF for a domain varies from 0-100.

7) Do some digging and find out if the domain is having a bad reputation or something questionable. See what the existing audience is speaking about it preferably in a forum or comments left somewhere.

8) Using ahrefs.com you can check for Chinese backlinks. Avoid domains having Chinese backlinks and Anchor Texts written in different languages.

9) It is equally important that domain should not be in alliance with bad practices like malware and malicious code in past.

How to buy an expired domain?

When you register a domain name for a specific period (1-10 years), you are leasing it not owning. In other words, you are not the owner of the domain you pay domain registration fee for. You are simply the domain owner.

How to discover good expired domains- a step by step guide?

There are following ways to acquire an expired domain on internet.

1) Within the grace or redemption period usually of 1-30 days, the Registrant can renew domain name but for a higher price usually an additional $100 for a .com domain.

2) After expiry of redemption period, the domain ownership is forfeited. A message goes to those who are waiting and had expressed an interest in buying the domain. This process is called as backordering.

3) If no body backorders the domain, it is put to auction that usually lasts for 7 days. The domain in the auction goes to the highest bidder. A good domain in the auction usually fetches a higher price.

4) An expired domain which is not sold in the auction goes back to Registry. The domain ownership goes to the person who buys that domain. Such domains are called as “Closeout Domains.”

5) An expired domain which is dropped from the Registry is deleted. An organization or a person who first finds it available for registration can register such domain in a similar way as an afresh domain. 

Some Technical Terms in use in Domain Industry are as:


“It is an Authorized Organization that registers the domain names.”


“It refers to a person or a Company/Organization that buys a domain name and holds it for a specific period.”


“It is the Company that sells the domain names on the behalf of Registrar.”


“It is an Organization that preserves the record of domain names.”

How to know when a domain name expires?

You can easily see when a domain expires by using WHOIS lookup tool. This will give you the information like domain registration date, the date when it will expire, present domain owner and his contact details.

There are number of websites providing WHOIS lookup to dig the ownership of the domain.

The WHOIS Tool is useful for Law Enforcement Agencies to explore the domain holders while investigating Spamming and Phishing. That is why this information which stands verified remains open to all.

However, Domain Privacy feature hides this information from the open public. For this the Domain Holder has to pay a certain fee towards the Registrar to activate this facility. Still for legal purposes, Domain Registrar has to provide this information to the Investigation Agencies.

What are the benefits of acquiring the expired domain names?

Buying an expired domain may give your website a concrete Domain and Page Authority. You need not  invest the hard work, time and bags of money on it. You may start driving organic traffic from search engines to your website without much promoting the site.

The SEO done with the backlink profile already built now you need to utilize somebody else’s efforts wisely to get benefits. That is the whole game. One thing very serious build the website on the same niche it existed previously or else your project may not bring the desired results.

For instance, You come across a building material domain and you are interested in it. It is advisable to rebuild the site providing any or all the materials used in construction. Do not use the domain for any other niche.

If you use the domain for medical agency, people will of course visit your website. But they will return with disappointment for they are looking for building material not medicine.

This is so because previously the website associated with the domain has been promoted for providing building material. Therefore, the traffic has been generated accordingly.

You have to put lot of efforts for switching backlink profile to other niche and change the whole pre-built profile. It would be as equal to as booking a fresh domain and starting from zero.

Hence to make expired domains a success, you have to be careful about your niche while driving traffic to your site. You have to make this traffic buy from your site.

So first of all select a niche, then buy an expired domain exactly on the same niche. Next build a website to start your online business. Hope there is no confusion.

Searching for a good expired domain on your niche is far far better than registering a new domain. Only you have to make certain checks and proceed with your mission.

In addition, the expired domains may represent an established brand with good Global and Alexa Rank. A Good Trust Flow, Trust Metric, Citation Flow and Page Rank Quality are other benefits.

You should understand the organic traffic driven by the expired domains are potential buyers. In other words, the actual human beings and not irrelevant software clicks. This is the outstanding benefit of these domains.

The websites of expired domains have pre-built online trust / credibility and Popularity.

Where do I find expired domains?  

The expireddomains.net is the number one place on internet to gather information with regard to expired domains. This portal updates information for hundreds of expired TLDs on daily basis.

You can pick up and backorder any domain you like before these domains are again made available to the general public.

You can also check huge list of deleted or dropped domain names which are open to public and can be registered at a normal price.

The expireddomains.net also puts information like SEO data, backlink profile, first registration date etc. with each domain.

You can use their Domain Name Search Tool to search the entire domain list instantly. Using filters you can narrow down your search results reaching your desired domains.

The domain names containing keywords are more relevant while purchasing.

This is due to the fact that search engines give priority to such domains while displaying search engine results for keywords. A good SEO profile is backing the selective expired domains.

Expired Domains Marketplace

Moreover, there are dozens of other market places offering you the expired domains. Just type your keywords in Google and get the relevant information in front of you instantly.

A few tips on choosing the domain. It must be short but best describing your business, easy to type and remember, not be difficult to spell and should be having keyword(s) in it. It must not contain any digit, hyphen or special character. Also, choose your domain with domain extension appropriate for your region.

To know more about domains, here is an article regrading What you should know about a domain or domain name?

It is advisable to book your domain for at least 10 years. If needed, transfer it to the Registrar having good online credibility to stay on the side of safety.

How to discover good expired domains- a step by step guide?